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Tuesday, January 12, 2016

What is IMO and what does it have to do with climate change?


IMO is the acronym for the
International Maritime Organisation but
what is it and what does it do?

As a specialized agency for 170
governments of the world through the
United Nations (UN) the IMO was a
recent 
presenter at the PARIS 2015 UN
Climate Change Conference. Their
presentation showed how international
shipping 
plays an essential role in the
facilitation of world trade
as the most
cost-effective and energy-efficient mode
of mass 
cargo transport

The IMO provides the apparatus for intergovernmental cooperation in the area of
regulation of ships designed for international trade transport. It is responsible for the
global regulation of all aspects of international shipping. More fully it has a key role in
ensuring that the 
environment is not polluted by ships’ operations, that lives at sea are
not put at risk including maritime security issues.  

IMO’s mission statement:  Safe, secure and efficient shipping on clean oceans

With more than 90% of international trade by sea, shipping is crucial part of the development
of a sustainable global 
economy and there are environmental considerations with increasing
mass cargo movements around the world. 

Mandatory energy efficient requirements for reducing greenhouse gases from international
shipping have been in place for three years. IMO reports that the data collected over this period
clearly identifies the improvements made, significant in many cases, in the energy efficiency of
ships being designed and delivered.

The energy efficiency regulations (Annex VI of the International Convention for the Prevention of
Pollution from Ships (MARPOL) came into force on 1 January 2013 and apply to all ships 400 gross
tonnes and above.
  • Energy Efficiency Design Index (EEDI) for new ships is a non-prescriptive, performance-
    based mechanism that leaves the choice of technologies to use in a specific ship
    design as long as the required energy-efficiency level is attained
  • Ship Energy Efficiency Management Plan (SEEMP) allows ship designers and builders of
    400 gross tonnage and above free to use the most cost-efficient solutions for a ship to
    comply with the regulations. 
The complexity of optimizing the energy efficiency of existing ships requires that any future
action to be taken can only be achieved following the analysis of robust data. 

1 January 2016 IMO Member State Audit Scheme became mandatory. 
An important aspect of IMO’s work is ensuring Member states  compliance with the various
treaties covering safety, training, prevention of pollution, load lines, tonnage measurement
and collision prevention that they have ratified. To achieve this, the previously voluntary
Member State Audit Scheme, is now mandatory.

Up to 25 Member State audits per year are expected to be undertaken and will measure the
degree of implementation of all existing treaties as well as new amendments and good practices.
The IMO, as the global regulator of international shipping, continues its endeavours to reduce
environmental impacts from international maritime transport, a vital industry to world trade and
sustainable development.
For more information click here 


www.ausmepa.org.au

1 comment:

  1. To be very clear...Ships emit Greenhouse gases (GHG) therefore the more efficiently they can use their fuel the less Greenhouse gases are produced.

    ReplyDelete